Basic Cooking Substitutions

Have you ever started cooking, only to realise that you’ve run out of a specific ingredient and wanted to know how you could replace it? Maybe you have allergies or just aren’t a big fan of a specific ingredient! Below is a basic guide to substitutions for emergencies.

Please remember: They may not perform like the original ingredient!

Ingredient QuantitySubstitution
Butter1 Cup
1 cup shortening OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil OR 7/8 cup lard.

Buttermilk1 Cup1 tbsp lemon juice/vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup OR 1 cup yogurt.
Brown Sugar1 Cup1 cup white sugar plus ¼ cup molasses and decrease the liquid in recipe by ¼ cup
OR 1 cup white sugar plus ½ tsp lemon juice.
Egg1 Egg2½ tbsp of powdered egg substitute plus 2½ tbsp water OR 3 tbsp mayonnaise
OR half a banana mashed with ½ tsp baking powder.
Cream1 Cup1 cup evaporated milk OR ¾ cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter.
Baking Powder1 tsp¼ tsp baking soda plus ¼ tsp cream of tartar OR ¼ tsp baking soda plus ½ cup
buttermilk (decrease liquid in recipe by ½ cup).
Baking Soda1 tsp1 tsp baking powder. NOTE: If the recipe calls for an acidic liquid such as sour cream,
yogurt or citrus juice, you should replace it with the same amount of whole milk.
Beer1 Cup1 cup non-alcoholic beer OR 1 cup chicken broth
Cocoa1/4 cup30g/1oz unsweetened dark chocolate.
Cornflour/Corn-starch1 tsp2 tsp plain flour/ rice flour OR 1 tsp arrowroot powder OR 1-1½ tsp potato starch.
Corn Syrup1 Cup1½ cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water OR 1 cup honey
Cream of Tartar1 tsp2 tsp lemon juice or vinegar.
Crème Fraiche1 CupCombine 1 cup of cream and 1 tsp of plain yogurt. Let stand for 6 hours at room temperature.
Evaporated Milk 1 Cup1⅔ cup dairy/oat/soy milk simmered over medium heat until enough evaporates to get 1 cup OR ½ cup milk + ½ cup cream.
Flour – Bread1 Cup1 cup plain flour plus 1 tsp wheat gluten.
Flour – Cake1 Cup1 cup minus 2 tbsp plain flour plus 2 tbsp cornflour/corn-starch.
Flour – Self Raising1 Cup1 cup plain flour plus 2 tsp baking powder and ¼ tsp of salt.
Maple Syrup1 Cup3/4 cup light brown sugar plus 3/4 water plus pinch cinnamon and a little lemon juice.
Molasses1 CupMix ¾ cup brown sugar and 1 tsp cream of tartar
Oil1 Cup1¼ cup melted butter OR 1 cup margarine OR 1 cup shortening
Shortening1 Cup1 cup butter OR 1 cup margarine minus ½ tsp salt from recipe.
Sour Cream1 Cup1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 tbsp lemon juice or vinegar plus cream to make 1 cup.
Stock/ Broth1 Cup1-2 tsp stock powder plus 1 cup boiling water OR 1 tsp soy sauce plus enough
water to make 1 cup OR 1 cup vegetable broth.
Vinegar1 tsp1 tsp lemon or lime juice OR 2 tsp white wine.
Yoghurt1 Cup1 cup sour cream OR 1 cup heavy whipping cream plus 1-2 tsp lemon juice /vinegar
Wine – Red1 Cup1 cup non-alcoholic wine, 1 cup beef stock. 1 cup tomato juice, 1 cup water
Wine – White1 Cup1 cup non-alcoholic wine, 1 cup apple juice, 1 cup chicken stock, 1 cup water

Looking for a specific substitute or have an idea of something we can add? Comment below and we’ll try to help you out. You’ll help us build onto this list and also help others!

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Made With Love by Molly & Exceede